The Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) is an entrance exam used by most colleges and universities to make admissions decisions in the USA. The SAT is a multiple-choice, pencil-and-paper test created and administered by the College Board. The purpose of the SAT is to measure a high school student's readiness for college, and provide colleges with one common data point that can be used to compare all applicants. College admissions officers will review standardized test scores alongside your high school GPA, the classes you took in high school, letters of recommendation from teachers, extracurricular activities, admissions interviews, and personal essays. How important SAT scores are in the college application process varies from school to school. Overall, the higher you score on the SAT and/or ACT, the more options for attending and paying for college or university will be available to you. The SAT takes three hours to finish, plus 50 minutes for the SAT with essay, and as of 2020 costs US$ 52 (US$ 68 with the optional essay), excluding late fees, with additional processing fees if the SAT is taken outside the United States. Scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining test results from two 200-to-800-point sections: Mathematics, and evidence-based Critical Reading and Writing.